C’est quand ? 6 – C’est + Adjective Always Masculine Singular, 9 – French Adjectives Which Come Before the Noun, 10 – Nouns of Profession, Nationality, Religion, 11 – Examples With Explanations of C’est Versus Il est, 12 – Fun Exercise For “Il est” Versus “C’est” – Video, 2  – It is + Place, It is + Time and Other Expressions, 3 – He / She / It Is /  They Are In English, 4 – He / She / It Is In French = C’est, Ce Sont, Il / Elle Est, Ils / Elles Sont, I highly recommend you check out my unique downloadable, French articles (un, une, du, de la, de l’, des, le, la, l’, les). How to say c'est la vie. Including a full guide of what it is and how to use it in a casual conversation with an audio example. The trick is to keep in mind that “Qu’est ce que” = “What” in this situation and “C’est ?” = “Is it?“. They can mean "this is," "that is," "it is," "they are," and even "he/she is." Don’t say : “il est un / elle est une / il sont des”. Il est petit. Over 100,000 English translations of French words and phrases. It is black. In French, both “il est” and “c’est” translate as ‘it is’, ‘he is’. Now, the construction “il est un…” is not wrong. But the sea of the Greek islands, it’s particularly gorgeous. And that’s why it’s so complicated! French, like English, can be very difficult in terms of pronunciation, due to intricacies like silent letters, multiple sounds for a single letter, and endless exceptions to whatever rules you find. Experience how different and efficient our method is. Are you ready to discover the 5-step process to become fluent in French? If feel lost, you are not alone! As indicated, the liaison is compulsory in what follows: Il est évident is pronounced: il est.T.évident (it’s obvious) C’est amusant is This lesson is about translating “he/she/it is” + noun or adjective. Would you like to hear Elton John sing in French? Is it pronounced say or set? This rule is not easy for English speakers: it’s already hard enough to refer to a thing by him or her, it is even harder to use “c’est” + a person: it sounds in English like you are saying ‘it’s’ + person… very very bad…. It’s not just slang. A simple explanation of "C'est, ce sont = this is, these are (demonstrative pronouns)". * Which one to use depends less on meaning than it does on grammar. However it tends to no longer be used, and sounds quite old-fashioned now.I never use it personally unless I say “il était une fois”: once upon a time.So I suggest you don’t either! Free French lesson + examples. Can you figure out why I use “il est” or “c’est”? Jouer avec une bouteille, c’est bruyant.Playing with a bottle is noisy business.C’est + adjective used in a general statement. The sea, it’s always beautiful. he / she / it  is + adjective (intelligent). Il n’est pas riche, mais il est passionné (il est + adj). This simplified chart will help with French pronunciation, which can be difficult due to intricacies like silent letters and endless exceptions to rules. La mer est bleue. c'est génial ! C'est la vie is a very old, very common French idiomatic saying, which means "That's life," and "Such is life." Learn more. Jouer avec une bouteille, c’est bruyant. She’s a tall girl. Il est chez nous depuis presque trois semaines car la grand-mère d’Olivier est en vacances. Over 100,000 English translations of French words and phrases. Festnoz, lui, il n’est pas très bruyant.Festnoz, on the other hand, is not very noisy.Il est + adjective (in the negative), Il est généralement calme et obéissant.Usually, he is calm and obedient.Il est + adjective, Est-ce que vous pensez qu’il est mignon ?Do you think he is cute?Il est + adjective. 5 – C’est Versus Il est = You Cannot Rely on Translating! So now, let’s have many examples with explanations. You say: Now this being said, “c’est + adjective masculine singular” is way overused in French nowadays… Maybe because it’s so easy to pronounce… It glides nicely :-) Whatever the reason, we use it all the time, even when a “il est” construction would be more appropriate…, Look for the French articles (un, une, du, de la, de l’, des, le, la, l’, les). We have the place to ourselves pronunciation We have the place to ourselves Nous avons l'endroit pour nous pronunciation Nous avons l'endroit pour … He/it is nice. Grammar decides which construction you need to use! C’est + adjective is only used to describe a thing, never a person. In French, the letter c (= which is pronounced “cé” = [“say”]) has two main pronunciations in a word or a sentence. Now, let’s talk about the problem at hand. Enchaînement is the phenomenon whereby the consonant sound at the end of a word is transferred to the beginning of the word that follows it. il vient _de_ Londres he comes _from_ London c'est mon ami _de_ York he's my friend _from_ York il a sauté _de_ la fenêtre he jumped _from_ the window Use to show possession or belonging In this case, of is sometimes a possible translation, although the most usual equivalent in English is to use a possessive form with 's or, particularly with a common combination of inanimates, with a compound: Look at the number of comments on this article! To describe a thing, you could use both a “il est” or “c’est” construction: To make a live comment, react to something, share your experience, we use the construction “c’est + adjective masculine singular”. As you know, some French adjectives come before the noun; grand, petit, joli, jeune, vrai, bon, mauvais… There are also the possessive, demonstrative, interrogative adjectives (my, this, which…). It is, This is, He is The French expressions c’est and il est can be tricky because they are synonymous but not interchangeable. You can complete the translation of c'est given by the French-English Collins dictionary with other dictionaries such as I've always thought it was say, but my French teacher tends to say set? How to say c'est la vie. So you use: In English, what matters is whether you are describing a feminine, masculine, or neutral being. It’s of course useful to understand the grammatical logic behind the choice of “c’est versus il/elle est”, but ultimately, you need to develop a sense for it, “hear” what is right or wrong. C’est un teckel à poils durs (wire hair dachshund). C’est son jouet préféré. Nouns of nationality etc… can be used as adjectives in French. Yes, and our pies, they are really delicious. French Vocabulary Pronunciation & Conversation Grammar Resources For Teachers By ThoughtCo Updated June 18, 2019 The French word chouette can be a noun, adjective, or exclamation. Well, in French, we use 2 different constructions. Well, you have to see if the adjective is followed by a noun, or if it is alone. + nounÊtre en train de + verb = to be in the process of doing, to be doing, C’est son jouet préféré.It’s his favorite toy.C’est + (adjective that comes before the noun) + noun. In other words, it’s VERY complicated, and forums go on and on about “c’est ≠ il est” because French people don’t seem to agree either :-). How to translate “it/ he/ she is” + noun or adjective in French. It is green. That’s Camille! She is a friend. pronunciation C'est pas trop tôt ! So, now that you are totally confused, let’s dig into this big French mess…. Use “c’est”. And that’s that. Il est grand et brun (Il est + adj). The use of “c’est + adj masculine singular” is getting increasingly popular in France: we use it all the time! Can You Understand Today’s Spoken French? C’est une amie. He is not married. You cannot translate “c’est” = ‘it is’, “il est” = ‘he is’. However, if you use my way, and never say “il est un” or “elle est une”, you won’t make any mistake. translation in French - English Reverso dictionary, see also 'génital',gentil',général',génie', examples, definition, conjugation With Reverso you can find the French translation, definition or synonym for c'est génial ! Like I would say … It is a dog. Voici Festnoz – c’est le chien de la grand-mère d’Olivier.Here is Festnoz – he is Olivier’s grandma’s dog.C’est + noun, C’est un teckel à poils dursHe is a wire hair dachshund.C’est + noun, Il est petit.He is smallIl est + adjective. English Translation of “c’est ça” | The official Collins French-English Dictionary online. C’est quand ton anniversaire ? In French, the expression C’est la vie is pronounced /se.la.vi/. Do not lose yourself in the literal translation, it’s not worth it. Study the grammatical constructions of the sentences below (the nouns are in bold): compare the French use of “il est” versus “c’est” to the English translation. All these variations have the same meaning. Watch out that the adjective cannot be in another gender/number ; c’est belle is not possible, even if you are looking at “la mer”(the sea). C’est le 16 novembre. Adverbs (like “très”) don’t count. ☃️ WINTER SALE – 20% OFF ALL AUDIOBOOKS ENDS DEC 18th. From French c'est “ it is ”), compare Haitian Creole se. Il/elle est + adjective qualificative (plural ils/elles sont), C’est + (article, adjective possessive or demonstrative…) +  NOUN, Regarde Pierre! C’est toujours beau (c’est + category = adj masculine singular), la mer. Ils sont américains. Elles sont riches et copieuses (il est + adj). C’est bon, c’est chaud, c’est beau…They could translate as “this is good, hot, pretty” but are often translated as “it’s good, hot, pretty” since that’s what you’d say in everyday English (Hence students thinking “c’est = it is” in English). “Il est” is also used in French to express location, tell the time, and in the expression “il était une fois” – once upon a time…, C’est is also used with questions, dates, adverbs, stress pronouns…. Learn to pronounce with our guides. Il est beau (you cannot say “c’est beau” here). Good luck with your studies and remember, repetition is the key! He is a good musician. Learning in context is always the thing to do! First, let’s see what you do in English. And now, here is the English translation and the explanation for why I used “c’est” and “il est”. And it cannot be used in all situations. First, c’est + adjective masculine singular is never going to be used to describe a person (or an animal). Now, if you wanted to say “he is an intelligent Frenchman”, Frenchman cannot be an adjective in this instance because you have another adjective there (intelligent). And that’s why it’s so complicated! Home > French Words > French Phrases > YOU ARE HERE. I feel your pain… This is incredibly complicated… I really wish I could make it all simpler, but I can’t… This is why when to us “il est” versus “c’est” is one of the most difficult things to develop a sense for in French. 3.1 Pronunciation 3.2 Letter 3.2.1 See also 4 Basque 4.1 Pronunciation 4.2 Letter 4.2.1 Usage notes 4.2.2 See also 5 Catalan 5.1 Pronunciation 5.2 Letter 5.2.1 See also 6 French 6.1 Letter 6.1.1 Usage notes 7 Portuguese 7.1 She/it is French. You cannot think of “he is” as being “il est” and “c’est” as being “it is” : unfortunately it doesn’t work this way in French! Festnoz, lui, il n’est pas très bruyant. A book is a “he”, a car a “she”… “il” ou “elle”. French pronunciation 1,409 views 0:18 How to pronounce Quelle heure est il - Duration: 0:14. Ready to learn? C'est la vie is 3:1 in favour of /se/. French students translate he is = il est, c’est = it is. So what should you do when you have a sentence with one of these adjectives? They are very tall. Available for iOS, Android, Mac and Windows. What matters is what comes next: a noun or an adjective. C: Comment sont vos tartes ? You can see “Qu’est ce que” as a long and complex way to say “What“. He is a charming man. Oh and in case you are interested, on this page you will find more of these sentences guides and the ultimate directory of all our French words guides on this page. They are Americans. They’re home made pies. The French 'C' can be pronounced in one of two ways: Soft pronunciation - In front of an 'E,' 'I,' or 'Y,' the 'C' is pronounced like an 'S'. With Reverso you can find the French translation, definition or synonym for c'est and thousands of other words. 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